Keeping Dry and Staying Warm:

Part 1

Starts with the basics as the introductory starting point for retail staff and mountain /outdoor professionals.

Book Cover, Final Header and amend Part 1

Chapter 1 Size, grade and fit


  The complex subject of sizing and why sizes vary so much is reviewed in detail.

Climbing jacket

Climbing jacke


How garments are shaped/tailored for different activities to enable freedom of movement and a key focus on hoods. All key ‘need to know’ stuff whether you are selling or buying a garment.






1.1 Size and Grade

Fit matters. It is more complex than on the label and affects fitness for purpose. Introductory video

1.2 Tailoring for function

‘Tailoring’ is vital to the way a garment is shaped, and personal needs vary between sportsIntroductory video

1.3 Hoods 

Is this hood suitable for my chosen activity? This is a key question to ask when purchasing a jacket. But how to distinguish between hoods? Introductory video

chapter 2 Garments

How do you understand jacket types?

How do you understand jacket types?

2.0 Making sense of key terms

Explanation of 6 key terms and measures; waterproofing, breathability, windproofing, air permeability, wicking and beading
A concise explanation using generic ‘non marketing’ terms of the 5 key issues/words all outdoor people are bombarded with and may misunderstand. Beading (DWR), wicking/capillary action, waterproofing, breathability, windproofing v air permeability (is there a difference?). Air permeability and new ‘marketing’ words.

The KDSW windproof rating table for all fabrics, in cfm.
The 3 key fabric types for keeping dry – Laminate/membranes v coatings v directional fabrics.
The implications of fabric weight and thickness on breathability of waterproof garments.
A summary or ‘complete overview’ of breathability and condensation.
Why warm garments don’t have ratings like bed quilts.





Explanation using the 5 ‘F’s. Function, fit, finance, future and fashion.

An analytical description of the 8 key garment types, using our ‘5F’s system to describe garments in terms of 1.Function, (what they do and just as important, what they DON’T do)2 fit, (importance of, relevant to garment type)  3.future, (how long will it last and how repairable/recyclable is it?). 4 finance, ( value for money) and 5, fashion ( will I look good in it within the social/outdoor circles I move in and will it stay in style?).



Seam stitching and waterproofing.

How garments are constructed.




You may need to fix/mend an item on the go. This module shows you what you can use. It updates you on initiatives encouraging reuse, recycling and repair and some reactions.




Chapter 3 – The basics principles of layering


3.1 Basic Principles and Practice


How insulation works. Why multiple layers are better than fewer layers. The Importance of how your garment fits. The ‘battle of understanding’ as to how moisture management works. Windproof and wind resistance of garments. The 4 or 5 or 6 layer principle.

3.2 Keeping hands and feet warm, layering practices.

Socks are socks!

Socks are socks!



Layering for hands and feet.





Backpacking in the rain

Backpacking in the rain

Layering practice on the move, regulating your ‘mobile environment’. Layering for ‘looks’ and how fashion sometimes impairs function.

3.3 Before you depart, be aware your pack isn’t waterproof!


Keeping pack contents dry is challenging (CartoonStock)

Keeping pack contents dry is challenging (CartoonStock)



Your best options for keeping your pack contents dry.







3.4 Five, 5 minute tech tips to discuss with friends, customers, or clients under instruction.


Al Hinkes and Stu Smith 'reading a product

Al Hinkes and Stu Smith ‘reading a product


Find out how this book supports our training course. 

Find out more about the history of the waterproof jacket

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